What is tax and what are the types of tax Complete information about Tax is very important

CollegeUnified By CollegeUnified 7 Min Read

In this article, we will discuss the basics of tax, explore its different types, ways of working, and its importance for government operations and social welfare.

Taxes are an integral part of modern society, providing the government with the necessary funds for public services, infrastructure, and social welfare programs. Although most people are familiar with the concept of tax, understanding the complexities of taxation and its impact is contested and varied.

What is TAX?

types of tax: are financial contributions owed to various entities, entities, businesses, and other entities that generate income for the government. Governments use these funds to provide health services, education, defense, transport, and social welfare programs. The tax system ensures that citizens bear a proportionate burden on their income, wealth, or consumption.


There are several types of TAX, which serve particular purposes: 

 types of tax

1. Income Tax – Income Tax: The most common tax, which is imposed on the income or profit of the person or business. A progressive income tax system imposes a higher tax rate on higher income levels.

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2. Sales Tax: A tax levied on purchases made by shopkeepers, usually collected by retailers and remitted to the government. 

3. Property Tax: Based on the value of real estate properties being the main revenue source, this tax is an important income source for local governments. 

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4. Corporate Tax- Corporate Tax: Tax levied on the business and profit of the corporation, the rate of which usually depends on the size and type of the company. 

5. Capital gains tax: This is levied on gains from selling assets, such as shares, real estate, or things of value. 

6. Value Added Tax (VAT ): Common in many countries, applicable at various stages of production and distribution, ultimately borne by the end consumer.

7. Excise Duty- Excise Duty: It is a tax levied on specific commodities like liquor, tobacco, and petrol, to control their consumption and to support social health aspects.

Importance of TAX?

 IMPORTANCE OF TAX Taxes plays an important role in maintaining the economic stability of the country and increasing the pace of its development. Here are some reasons why tax matters: 

2. Funding of public services: TAX is an important source of income for the government, from which it can financially support public services, infrastructure development, and social welfare programs. 

3. Redistribution of wealth: Taxation through progressive income tax systems ensures a just distribution of wealth by reducing uneconomical means so that the majority of the general population can enjoy economic prosperity. 

 types of tax

Income Tax

INCOME TAX: Income tax is a direct tax levied by the government on the income of an individual or entity. It is conducted in different forms in different countries to generate revenue for the government. Income tax is generally based on the income earned during a financial year. 

In the context of income tax, “income” includes various sources of income, such as salary, wages, profit from business, interest on investment, rental income, profit from property disposal, and any other taxable income. Individuals and businesses are required to report their income to the Income Tax authorities and pay tax as per applicable tax rules and rates.

what is tax

income tax systems can be developmental, proportional, or distortionary tax systems, depending on the tax rates and how they are applied to different income levels. In a progressive income tax system, higher tax rates are applied to higher income levels, while lower tax rates are applied to lower income levels. A proportional income tax system imposes a tax rate proportional to income, while a distortionary income tax system imposes higher tax rates at lower income levels. 

Governments financially support public services, infrastructure development, social welfare programs, defense, and other essential sectors from income tax revenue. Income tax plays an important role in unity and development, as it helps to balance the operations of the state and achieve economic stability in the long run. 

Property Tax

What is property tax: Property tax is a type of permanent tax that is levied on property owned by a person or entity, such as land, house, apartment, shop, car, or other assets. This tax is permanently settled with the aim of helping local governments obtain financial resources and support local social and infrastructure projects. 

Property tax rates and rules can vary by country and by local government. It is levied by the local municipalities and its rules and regulations must be followed. 

The purpose of property tax is to provide financial resources to local governments to carry out essential services and development programs in their area. Through this, local governments operate public utilities, electricity, water, roads, and other basic infrastructure projects that are important to citizens.

Service Tax

 types of tax

What is service tax: Service tax is a type of tax levied on various services in India. This tax provides an important source for the government to obtain financial resources in the service sector. 

The purpose of service tax is to support the service sector and provide financial support to various service providers. Under this, special exemptions and exemption schemes are supported for various services, which provide tax breaks or assistance to service providers.

Excise Duty

What is excise tax: Excise duty is a type of tax that is levied on the manufacture and production of various products in India. This tax provides an important source for the government to obtain financial resources in the production sector. 

The purpose of excise duty is to support the manufacturing sector and promote production. It provides the necessary financial resources for production and supports various industries and producers. This tax helps the government to provide subsidies and support for production to the producers which support various industries. 

The rates of excise duty differ on the basis of different products. Under this, there are special exemptions and provisos for various products and industries, which provide them with commas or support for taxes.